Alabai Dog

The proud and protective Central European Shepherd Dog

Alabai, also known as the Central Asian Ovtcharka, is an ancient dog breed known for its size, strength and protective nature. This powerful herding dog has a long history of guarding livestock and property in the harsh climates of Central Asia.


Alabai or Central Asian Ovtcharka originates from regions such as Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. The breed has probably existed for over 4,000 years, and its primary function has been to protect sheep, goats and other livestock from predators such as wolves and bears.


Alabai is a very large dog breed. Males can measure between 70 to 90 cm at the withers and weigh between 50 to 80 kg, while females often measure between 65 to 75 cm at the withers and weigh between 40 to 60 kg.

Appearance and coat

Alabai has a strong, muscular body and a broad, massive skull. It has a thick, double coat that is short to medium in length, and it can be white, black, grey, fawn, brindle or several colors at the same time. Their ears and tails are often docked at a young age, a traditional practice carried out to minimize wounds during battles with predators.

Procurement of an Alabai

When considering getting an Alabai, it is important to note that this breed is very independent and can be difficult to handle for first time or inexperienced dog owners. They are intelligent and loyal, but need clear boundaries and consistent leadership to thrive.

Alabai can be reserved and suspicious of strangers, which is part of their natural guard dog tendencies. Early and continuous socialization is essential to ensure they become well-rounded, confident dogs.

The coat of an Alabai is fairly easy to care for and only needs regular brushing. However, they shed more during the spring and autumn, and may need extra grooming during these times.

Alabai is a strong and robust dog breed that requires a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. They are best suited in a home with plenty of space to move around, and may not be suitable for apartment living. With the right owner and environment, an Alabai can be a loyal and loving companion and an extremely effective guard dog.