Australian cattle dog

The Extraordinary Watchman and Livestock Watcher

The Australian Cattle Dog, also known as the Blue Heeler or the Queensland Heeler, is a robust and intelligent dog breed with a strong will to work. These dogs have amazing endurance and are widely known for their ability to keep livestock at bay. This article gives you an overview of the breed's origins, its characteristics, and what it takes to become the owner of an Australian Cattle Dog.


The Australian Cattle Dog has its roots in Australia, where it was bred to help cattle farmers move large herds over long distances under difficult conditions. The breed is a mixture of various dog breeds, including Dingo, Blue Merle Collie, Dalmatian and Australian Kelpie, which contributed to its remarkable intelligence and physical capabilities.


Australian Cattle Dogs are medium-sized dogs, with males measuring between 46 and 51 cm at the withers, and bitches slightly shorter, between 43 and 48 cm. The weight of the breed is usually between 15 and 22 kg.

Appearance and Coat

Australian Cattle Dogs are muscular and powerful dogs with a proportional body and strong bones. They have a bold and alert expression, with eyes that are oval and dark. The coat is short to medium length, thick and double layered, with colors varying between blue, blue mottled, and blue speckled to red speckled.

How much fur does an Australian Cattle Dog shed?

Although their coat is short to medium in length, Australian Cattle Dogs shed a good amount of fur, especially during the change of seasons. Regular brushing can help reduce the amount of loose fur and keep the coat in top condition.

How much exercise does an Australian Cattle Dog require?

This breed is extremely energetic and requires a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. One hour of physical activity per day, which includes walking, jogging, playing and exercise activities, is recommended to keep them healthy and happy.

Is the Australian Cattle Dog Family Friendly?

Yes, but with a reservation. Australian Cattle Dogs are loyal and protective, making them excellent family dogs. But they also have a strong herding instinct, which can mean they try to "herd" small children by pushing them. They can also be reserved with strangers and require early and continuous socialization.

Acquiring an Australian Cattle Dog

Owning an Australian Cattle Dog involves a major commitment to meeting their physical and mental needs. These dogs thrive in active homes where they have plenty of room to move around. They are also highly intelligent, which means they require mental stimulation in the form of exercise, problem solving and interaction. If you can afford these, an Australian Cattle Dog can be an excellent addition to your home.