Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog

The oldest companion from the Middle East

The Canaan Dog is one of the oldest known dog breeds, and its history stretches back thousands of years. Originally from the Middle East, the breed has been recognized for its incredible intelligence, loyalty and versatility. Through the ages, it has functioned as everything from herding dog to guard dog and is today also a valued companion dog. With its unique history and characteristic appearance, the Canaan Dog fascinates dog lovers the world over.


The Canaan Dog has a deep historical background that stretches back to the biblical areas of Canaan, present-day Israel and Palestine. The breed originally served as a herding and guard dog for the nomadic tribes that inhabited these regions. This dog breed is considered a direct descendant of the semi-wild dogs that have inhabited the Middle East for thousands of years, making it one of the oldest and most original dog breeds in the world.

What type of dog is the Canaan Dog?

This breed is intelligent, attentive and easy to learn, which makes it suitable for several different tasks and as a family dog.

Traits and temperament

The Canaan Dog is known for its loyal and watchful temperament. They are usually reserved towards strangers but deeply loyal to their families.


An adult Canaan Dog usually weighs between 18 and 25 kg and has a height of about 50 to 60 cm.

Appearance and coat

The breed has a short to medium length coat, usually in colors such as black, brown, white or a mixture. They also have characteristic pointed ears and a powerful build.

How much fur does a Canaan Dog shed?

The Canaan Dog sheds moderately and needs regular brushing to keep its coat in good condition.

Is Canaan Dog hypoallergenic?

The Canaan Dog is not considered a hypoallergenic breed.

Feed and diet

This breed needs a well-balanced diet rich in protein and essential fatty acids to maintain their energy levels and overall health.

Training and exercise

Canaan Dogs are active and need daily exercise, including long walks and opportunities for free play.


The breed is generally very healthy but can be susceptible to certain hereditary diseases such as hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

Special care needs

This breed has no special care needs beyond regular exercise and a balanced diet.

Care and grooming

Regular brushing and bathing is enough to keep their fur in good condition.

Common behavioral problems and solutions

Canaan Dogs can be reserved around strangers and therefore need socialization from an early age to prevent excessive vigilance.

Is Canaan Dog Fair?

The Canaan Dog is not very shy but will raise an alarm if they perceive a threat to their family or territory.

Is Canaan Dog Family Friendly?

Yes, they are very family friendly and do well with children and other pets when properly socialized.

What is the lifespan of a Canaan Dog?

A healthy and well cared for Canaan Dog can be expected to live between 12 and 15 years.

Procurement of Canaan Dog

It is important to consult with reputable breeders or adoption centers if you are interested in getting a Canaan Dog.


The Canaan Dog is an intelligent, loyal and versatile dog breed that is well suited for various types of work and as a companion dog. With proper care and training, this breed will become a loyal and loving member of the family.