Dental health and gum disease in dogs

Dental Health and Gum Disease in Dogs: Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Good dental health is crucial for a dog's overall well-being and quality of life. Unfortunately, gum disease is common among dogs and can lead to serious complications if not treated in time. In this article, we will take a closer look at some of the most common gum diseases in dogs, their symptoms, treatment options and how to prevent them.


Gingivitis is the earliest phase of gum disease and is usually caused by plaque accumulating around the gums. Symptoms include redness and swelling of the gums and bleeding gums when touched. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to more serious gum disease and tooth loss.

  • Symptoms: Red, inflamed gums, bleeding gums, difficulty eating.
  • Prevention: Good oral hygiene, regular tooth brushing.
  • Treatment: Veterinary treatment, antibiotics in severe cases.

Tooth loss (Periodontitis)

Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease that affects both the gums and the deeper tissues around the tooth. This can result in teeth loosening or falling out. Symptoms include loose gums, bad breath and pain when chewing.

  • Symptoms: Loose teeth, receding gums.
  • Prevention: Early detection and treatment of gingivitis.
  • Care: Professional dental care and possible tooth extraction.

Tartar (Dental Plaque)

Tartar, also known as dental plaque, is an accumulation of mineralized bacteria that forms on the teeth. If not removed, tartar can cause irritation and inflammation of the gums, which can lead to gum disease and tooth loss.

  • Symptoms: Yellowish coating on the teeth, bad breath.
  • Prevention: Brush your teeth regularly, use dental scrapers.
  • Care: Professional teeth cleaning at a veterinarian.

Tooth fracture

Broken teeth in dogs can cause pain and difficulty chewing. Avoid giving hard objects that can damage the teeth and make sure your dog's dental care is regular to prevent problems. In case of tooth fracture, seek veterinary care immediately for treatment and possible tooth repair.

  • Symptoms: Pain, bleeding, difficulty chewing.
  • Prevention: Avoid hard objects that the dog can chew on.
  • Care: Veterinary care and possible tooth repair.

Oral tumor

Oral tumors in dogs are serious conditions that can negatively affect oral health . It is important to pay attention to any lumps, sores or bleeding in the dog's mouth. If an oral tumor is suspected, contact a veterinarian for investigation and treatment. Early detection can increase the chances of successful treatment and improved quality of life for your dog.

  • Symptoms: Swelling in the mouth, bleeding, weight loss.
  • Prevention: Regular dental check-ups at the vet.
  • Treatment: Surgical removal and possible radiation therapy.


To prevent dental health problems in dogs, it is important to brush their teeth regularly. Use a dog toothbrush and dog toothpaste that are specially formulated for dogs. Also give the dog chew toys and chew bones that can help remove plaque and massage the gums.

Regular veterinary visits are also important to check the dog's dental health and carry out professional teeth cleaning if necessary. If you notice any signs of gum disease, such as redness, swelling or bleeding gums, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as possible for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Good dental health is the key to a happy and healthy life for your four-legged friend. By taking care of their teeth and gums, you can help them live a pain-free and active life and enjoy every moment together.